Scottish History

Mary Queen of Scots
Few Deaths Kinrossshire
Last Hanging in Dunfermline
Family Trees

The Age of union 1690-1707 "Three hundred years ago Scotland was in crisis. The final decade of the 17th century was to be the culmination of an unhappy century blighted by ware, political uncertainty and famine. With the Union of the Crowns in 1603, James VI of Scotland inherited the crown of England and became James I. He removed himself to London, returning only once in 1617 but otherwise confining himself to his southern kingdom. James might have been King of Sotland but he and his Queen, Ann, became strangers to its people an they were unable to bring about the promised 'perfect union' with England. The two countries remained onstitutionally and legally separate, and mutually antagonistic. The English were suspicious that rapaious Scots would help themselves to the richer nation's wealth, while the Scots feared absorption into a larger and more powerful neighbour. King sharing from such a distant London base meant there was a vacuum at the head of the Scottish state with no one to symbolise nationhood and no royal court to display the trappings of power. The last British King to be born in Scotland was Jame's son, Charle I. He entered the world in 1600 in the ancient Scots capital of Dunfermline but left for England at the age of three. A sickly child who succeeded to the throne in 1625 only because of the death of his teenage brother, he proved himself a hapless monarch without his father's political acumen. His idea was to bind his two kingdoms together by combing the Scottish and English churches. In the north, this was regarded as unjustified Anglicisation and it was greatly resented in a country where the King's long absence had allow national identity to focus increasingly on the Kirk with its distinctive brand of Presbyterianism. Charles dictatorial style further alienated the Scots. In 1637 he used the royal preogative bypassing the Sottish parliament and the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland to try to impose and English Book of Common Prayer, clearly at odds with Calvinist doctrine. Although withdrawn, th botched attempt led directly to the signing of the National Covenant by a wide sector of Scottish society and th outbreak of a civil war across Britain, the War of the Three Kingdoms; namely Sotland, England and Ireland. The Army of the Covnant then id not endear itself to th English invading th north of their country." Source Scotland on Sunday THE STORY OF A NATION 300 Years of Scottish History PART 1: UNION AND ENLIGHTMENT 1690-1780 Date Unknown